Inside our formulas

Our ingredients are natural, sustainable, traceable, transparent, ethical, cruelty-free, and not tested on animals. We only purchase from reputable suppliers and our perfumes are free from cheap isolates used as fillers, additives and preservatives. Our Canadian grain alcohol does contain a trace amount of Bitrex, a bitter denaturant by-law to make it improper for drinking. Once we'll have a facility, we will be allowed to purchase organic alcohol (without Bitrex).

ORIGINS: Calabria, Sicily, France, Madagascar.


Citrus are used to buiild the top part of a perfume's compositions, called "top or primary notes" (ingredients giving the first impression of a perfume). These notes are fresh, volatile and sparkly, and dissipate after 15 minutes. Lighter fragrances such as our Eaux Fraîches Absolues have a high amount of citrus and citrusy notes.

We only use 5-fold fine citrus from Calabria (Italy) and Sicily, and a touch of exotic citrus (combava) from Madagascar. We are also fond of herbs, leaves, grasses, woods and resins with high citrusy notes (lemongrass, eucalyptus citriodora, rosewood, frankincense).

ORIGINS: Madagascar, France, Italy, Brazil, India, Reunion, Egypt, Turkey, Bulgari


Flowers are "heart or secondary notes" creating the shape and the volume of a perfume. They also act as transitional notes to round up, balance a scent, and bring density. Most are not commercially viable due to their low yield.

We only use floral notes from real flowers (ylang ylang, geranium, neroli, orange blossm, rose, tuberose, tiaré, tagetes, lotus, orris,...). Most flowers are absolutes or conretes extractions. These are the most concentrated formats and cost-prohibitive as it takes 1-2 tons of petals to make 1 kilo.

ORIGINS: Madagascar, France, Spain, Greece, Cyprus, Iran, Turkey, India, Sri Lanka, Reunion island, South Africa, Australia


These green notes from herbs (rosemary, thyme), grasses (lemongrass), leaves (tea, eucalyptus, mint) lead to an entire fragrance family, Fougère. These "aromatic" (barbershop) scents mixed with spices, woods and florals, considered "masculine", are now used by anyone.

Curiously, there are very few ingredients with strong enough green notes, except for galbanum, a bitter green resin powerhouse. Perfumers achieve it with the use of isolates. We only use plant-based ones.

ORIGINS: France, Italy, USA, Canada, South America


Fruity perfumes have gained in popularity. However, it's not possible to make perfumes with fruits as fruits contain water and don't release essential oils. Essential oils from citrus are extracted from the rind and not the pulp, and not part of the Fruity perfume family anyway but Citrus or Fresh.

Fruity notes are recreated synthetically or with natural isoltes. We add fruity notes to our fragrances, using other plants with fruity facets or create accords with natural isolates only.

ORIGINS: Madagascar, India, IRAN, Granada, Guatemala, INDONESIA, CHINA, Reunion


Spices are extensively used in perfumery in almost all fragrance families but it's the Ambery and Woody families that use the most.

Our main supplier is Madagascar, of course, for cinannmon, clove, peppercorns, and premium Bourbon vanilla. Our vanilla absolute is processed in France due to the lack of facilities in Malagasy production areas.

Our secondary spices (anise, cardamom, saffron, nutmeg,...) come from other countries.

ORIGINS: Madagascar, Africa, Brazil, India, Australia, Peru, USA, Canada


Our woody notes are composed with essential oils, isolates from essential oils or leafy or rooty plants such as patchouli and vetiver, or accords made of both.

We do not use woods from endangered species such as Madagascar rosewood or Mysore sandalwood. Our rosewood comes from government-regulated sustainable forests in Brazil.

Woods are the base of a composition and enhance the other components. But some with a higher content of volatile notes can serve as a top note or middle notes such as rosewood.

ORIGINS: France, Balkans, Russia, USA


Mosses are the reason why we felt in love with perfumery and wanted to become a perfumer. The main moss used in perfumery is oakmoss, essential part of chypré fragrances and fougère fragrances.

Oakmoss is a lichen growing on oak trees in Europe (mainly in the Balkans). However, due to allergens, its concentration in a perfume is limited today. There are other mosses with a fragrant profile such as treemoss. The notes are greener than oakmoss but with a more powerful drydown and tenacity.

ORIGINS: Madagascar, Emirates, Yemen, Egypt, India, South America, Africa, Namibia


Resins and balsams are the most ancient perfume ingredients, used to make incense in traditional cultures, then, in "Oriental" or Amber perfumes. Today, they mainly serve as bases notes, to complement vanilla or to add an impression of mystery to a fragrance.

They are extracted from trees, in the format of solidified "tears" (resins) such as frankincense and myrrh, or thick liquid essential oils (balsams), with a sweeter and softer scent profile. South America has a very rich varietes of resin and balsam tress (Peru balsam, copal, styrax), whereas elemi is more found in the Philippines and Madagascar.

ORIGINS: France, Spain, Ethiopia, South Africa, New Zealand, China


We are natural but not vegan, so we do use animal ingredients but only cruely-free such as beeswax absolute, ambergris and hyraceum.

The term "animalic" in perfumery refers to ingredients of animal origins, to aromachemicals replacing banned animal ingredients for ethical reasons or to reduced costs, or to vegan ingredients with an animalic leathery or musky scent profile (labdanum, blackcurrant, cumin, musk ambrette, osmanthus).

ORIGINS: Canada, Russia, Brazil, Italy, France


ORIGINS: Madagascar, France, Europe, USA, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Haiti


"Earthy" is an all-encompassing term for woody, dirty musty, rooty, grassy, herbal, mossy, breezy, watery, and the fragrances with these notes generally belong to the Woody family.

Earthy ingredients are vetiver, patchouli, orris, carrot seeds, some grases and sipces, cedarwood, as well as dirt and soil accords made with aromachemicals and isolates. We only use essential oils and natural isolates to add a natural, grounded and rustic effect.

ORIGINS: France, Italy, UK, USA


Each essential oil is a complex material made of hundreds of chemical constituents. For example, rose contains 450 molecules. Natural isolates are natural chemicals in the form of single molecules that have been separated (“isolated”) from their natural sources (plants) using "fractional distillation" or CO2 extraction, without any chemical transformation or bio-tech. For example, geraniol. So, they are not lab-made aromachemicals.

Some purist natural perfumers do not use them. We find them very interesting to create modern perfumes, but only use them at a trace amount (1-3%), just to enhance, add character, depth and longevity.